TypeFewer LettersMore Letters
Acronym AANES Autonomous Administration of North & East Syria
Acronym AaS [Opposition] Ahrar al-Sham
Acronym APS Active Protection System, tank armor
Acronym AQ Al-Qaeda
Acronym ATGM Anti-Tank Guided Missile
Acronym CJTF-OIR [External] Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve, anti-ISIL coalition
Acronym CW Chemical weapons, and use thereof
Acronym DeZ Deir ez-Zor, northeast Syria; besieged 2014 - Sep 2017
Acronym DFNS Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, see Rojava
Acronym DN [Assyrian] [Dwekh Nawsha](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwekh_Nawsha), Assyrian militia
Acronym EFP [Explosively Formed Penetrator](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explosively_formed_penetrator)
Acronym ERA Explosive Reactive Armor for tanks
Acronym ES [External] Euphrates Shield, Turkish military intervention
Acronym FLEA Four Letter Extended Acronym (see ETLA)
Acronym FSA [Opposition] Free Syrian Army
Acronym GPF [Assyrian] [Gozarto Protection Force and Sootoro](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sootoro), Assyrian militia
Acronym HE High Explosive
Acronym HIT Huge If True
Acronym HTS [Opposition] Haya't Tahrir ash-Sham, based in Idlib
Acronym HVT High-Value Target
Acronym IDF [External] Israeli Defense Forces
Acronym IDP Internally Displaced Person(s)
Acronym IED Improvised Explosive Device
Acronym IRGC [Govt allies] Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Acronym ISF [Iraq] Iraqi Security Forces (law enforcement and/or military)
Acronym ISIL Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Daesh
Acronym ISOF [Iraq] Iraqi Special Operations Forces
Acronym JaF [Opposition] Jaish al-Fatah, Army of Conquest (joint command center for Islamist rebels)
Acronym JFS [Opposition] Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, rebranded JN
Acronym JN [Opposition] Jabhat al-Nusra, the al-Nusra Front
Acronym JTAC [External] US [Joint Terminal Attack Coordinator](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_terminal_attack_controller)
Acronym JTS [Opposition] Jabhat Tahrir Souriyah, alliance of AaS, Zenki, others
Acronym KDP [Iraqi Kurd] Kurdistan Democratic Party
Acronym KIA Killed in Action
Acronym KRG [Iraqi Kurd] Kurdistan Regional Government
Acronym KSA [External] Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Acronym MANPADS Man-Portable Air Defense System (SLSAM), anti-aircraft missile (particularly anti-helicopter)
Acronym MB Muslim Brotherhood
Acronym MbS Muhammad bin Salman, crown prince, Saudi Arabia
Acronym MIA Missing in Action
Acronym MIT [External] Millî İstihbarat Teşkilatı, Turkish National Intelligence
Acronym MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System
Acronym MMC [Kurdish] Manbij Military Council
Acronym MSM Mainstream Media
Acronym NDF [Govt allies] National Defense Forces, pro-govt militia
Acronym NFZ No Fly Zone
Acronym NPF [Assyrian] Nineveh Plain Forces, Assyrian militia
Acronym NPU [Assyrian] [Nineveh Plain Protection Units](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineveh_Plain_Protection_Units), allied with PMF
Acronym NSyA [Opposition] New Syrian Army, part of the FSA
Acronym NYT New York Times
Acronym PGM Precision-Guided Munition
Acronym PKK [External] Kurdistan Workers' Party, pro-Kurdish party in Turkey
Acronym PMC Private Military Company/Contractor
Acronym PMF [Iraq] [Popular Mobilization Forces](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Popular_Mobilization_Forces), state-sponsored militia grouping
Acronym PMU [Iraq] Popular Mobilization Units (state-sponsored militias against ISIL)
Acronym PoW Prisoner of War
Acronym PUK [Iraqi Kurd] Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Acronym PYD [Kurdish] Partiya Yekitiya Demokrat, Democratic Union Party
Acronym QSD [Pro-Kurdish Federalists] Quwwat Suriya al-Dimuqratiya; see SDF
Acronym Rojava Federation of Northern Syria, de-facto autonomous region of Syria (Syrian Kurdistan)
Acronym RT Russia Today, Russian state TV network
Acronym RuAF [Govt allies] Russian Air Force
Acronym SAA [Government] Syrian Arab Army
Acronym SAA/SDF [Govt allies] SAA and SDF coalition
Acronym SAF [Government] Syrian Arab Air Force
Acronym SAT [Opposition] Su Altı Taarruz, Turkish naval special forces
Acronym SCW Syrian Civil War
Acronym SCWM [Syrian Civil War Map](http://syriancivilwarmap.com/)
Acronym SDF [Pro-Kurdish Federalists] Syrian Democratic Forces
Acronym SLSAM Shoulder-Launched Surface-to-Air Missile
Acronym SNR [Govt allies] Syrian National Resistance, see SAA/SDF
Acronym SOF [External] Special Operations Forces
Acronym SOHR Syrian Observatory for Human Rights
Acronym SRG [Government] Syrian Republican Guard, protecting Damascus
Acronym SRO [Syrian Rebellion Observatory](https://twitter.com/Syria_Rebel_Obs), anti-government Twitter account
Acronym SVBIED Suicide Vehicle-Borne IED
Acronym TAF [Opposition] Turkish Armed Forces
Acronym TAK [External] Kurdistan Freedom Falcons, nationalist group in Turkey; possible breakaway of PKK
Acronym TF [Government] Tiger Forces, special forces unit of the SAA
Acronym TFSA [Opposition] Turkish-backed Syrian rebel group
Acronym TOW BGM-71 Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided anti-tank missile, from USA
Acronym TSK [Opposition] Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, armed forces of Turkey (see TAF)
Acronym USAF United States Air Force
Acronym WaPo Washington Post
Acronym WIA Wounded in Action
Acronym YPG [Kurdish] Yekineyen Parastina Gel, People's Protection Units
Acronym YPJ [Kurdish] Yekineyen Parastina Jin, Women's Protection Units